GE|Pre-Int|HW||4. The future begins today

Grammar reference


Be going to

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We use be going to + the infinitive to ask and talk about plans and intentions.

I‘m going to play basketball tomorrow.
What are you going to do at the weekend?


We can also use be going to to predict the future because of what we see or what is happening now.

That bus is too tall. It‘s going to crash into the bridge.
«It’s six o’clock. We’re too late. We aren’t going to catch the train.»


Note: we can form the negative in two ways.

We aren’t going to catch the train.
We‘re not going to catch the train.


Will or going to?

Decisions


We use will when we make a decision at the moment of speaking.

«Look at your shoes! They’re really dirty.»
«I’m sorry. I‘ll clean them.»


We use going to when we have already decided to do something.

«Your shoes are dirty.» «Yes, I know. I‘m going to clean them now.»


Predictions

We use will to predict what we think or guess will happen.

I think it will rain tomorrow.


We use going to when we know what will happen because of something we can see.

Look at those dark clouds! It‘s going to rain.

Will it happen?


Fill in the gaps with will, may, might, won’t

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will — sure, definitely
may/might — probably
won’t — impossible


Plan or prediction?


Write sentences using the prompts


We use «be going to + V» to speak about plans. The spaceship is going to travel to the Moon.
We use «will / may / might + V» to make predictions The mission will / may / might be dangerous.

Cosmonaut for a day


Read the article and choose if the statements are True or False


Cosmonaut for a day

Max Dereta, a photographer, investigates Star City, the Russian Space Training Centre in Moscow

In a few years time, there might be probably organised holidays to space. But now, if you have money, you can be a cosmonaut for two days. I decide to go along to Russia’s Star City. First, I go into the simulator of a space capsule where you can practise space flight. It is hard to imagine how three cosmonauts can fit into this tiny capsule — and eat, sleep and visit the toilet! The space capsule is used to take cosmonauts to and from the space station.

The next place I see is the swimming pool, where you can practise doing things in a situation 90 % similar to zero gravity. After that I try the simulator of a spacewalker, a rocket-powered backpack. After a quarter of an hour I get the idea of moving with the backpack. Then I go to the space station simulator.

This is used to prepare cosmonauts for visits to the space station. The Russians have found that the worst problem of living in space is returning to gravity again. In the space station simulator cosmonauts have to exercise for up to six hours a day to get ready for returning. Finally, I get the chance to experience weightless conditions. A Russian aeroplane simulates zero gravity for about 25 seconds at a time. «Get ready,» says a voice and we rise from the floor, weightless. We float all over the plane, and I take pictures. «Twenty-five seconds. Get down.» We repeat this ten times and it is absolutely fantastic. I haven’t been to space yet, but this is the next best thing!


Space facts


Listen and match the facts with the years

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Future explorations


How will people explore space in the future?


1. Where are people going to travel?
2. Will people invent new ways of travelling? Will they be faster?
3. What are they going to do on other planets?
4. What or who might they find there?
5. Are people going to establish colonies? What will colonies look like?
6. What problems may people have while exploring space?


Write an essay about the space exploration. Write 100-120 words

Wordlist

1. galaxy 7. astronaut 13. discover
2. planet 8. speed of light 14. land
3. orbit 9. space colony 15. create
4. gravity 10. alien 16. science
5. spacesuit 11. spacecraft 17. space travel
6. solar system 12. spaceship 18. scientist

Essay