GE|Pre-Int|HW|U1||15. Into the wild

Grammar reference


Comparative adjectives

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We use comparative adjectives when we compare two people, places, animals or objects.

Elephants are taller than horses.
Giraffes are taller than elephants.

Adjectives change to comparative adjectives like this.

Short adjectives: + er/+ r
Adjective Comparative adjective

tall

big*

nice

taller

bigger

nicer

*Double the final consonant in adjectives that end in vowel + consonant: big → bigger

Adjectives ending in — y
Adjective Comparative adjective
hungry

friendly

hungrier

friendlier


Long adjectives (two or more syllables)

Adjective

Comparative adjective

difficult

intelligent

more difficult

more intelligent


Irregular adjectives

Adjective

Comparative adjective

good

bad

better

worse


We can use comparative adjectives after be, look, get and feel.

We usually use «than» after comparative adjectives.

They’re more expensive than apples.


We can sometimes use a comparative adjective on its own to describe a change.

The weather’s getting colder.(= colder than it was before)
I feel better now.(= better than I felt yesterday)


Superlative adjectives


We use superlative adjectives when we compare a person, animal, place or thing with all of the group they are in.

That giraffe is the tallest animal in the zoo.
Giraffes are the tallest animals in the world.


Adjectives change to superlative adjectives like this.

Short adjectives

Adjective

Superlative adjective

young

rich

sad

the youngest

the richest

the saddest*

* Double the final consonant in adjectives that end in vowel + consonant:

sad → the saddest, wet → the wettest


Adjectives ending in -y

Adjective

Superlative adjective

funny

happy

the funniest

the happiest


Long adjectives (two or more syllables)

Adjective

Superlative adjective

comfortable

delicious

the most comfortable

the most delicious


Irregular adjectives

Adjective

Superlative adjective

good

bad

the best

the worst


We always use the before superlative adjectives.

Ronny’s the funniest person in the class.


After superlative adjectives we usually use in or on before the name of a place.

It’s the biggest lake in Europe.
It’s the most dangerous place on Earth.

As busy as a bee


Match the parts of the idioms


We use as … as to say that there isn’t a difference between people and things.

It’s as big as a house!


We use not as … as to say that there is a difference between people and things.

Cats aren’t as big as lions.


Look at the pictures and compare the animals

A tiger is not as big as an elephant.

Cats aren’t as friendly as dogs.

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beautiful, dangerous, intelligent, friendly, nice, rare, big, small

Compare


Choose the correct option

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Complete with the comparative form

Winter vs. summer


Complete the sentences using the opposite adjectives

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Write the sentences in correct order








The animal world


Listen to the recording and choose True or False

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Write sentences to compare animals. Use your own ideas

Holiday impressions


Choose the best sentence and complete the dialogue

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A — Anna | B — Ben

General knowledge quiz


Write the superlative adjectives and guess the answers

the Pacific Ocean


the Atacama Desert, Chile


crab


the blue whale


the Cullinan


the python


snakes


monkey

Now listen and check your answers

The postcard


Complete the postcard with the words from the list

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Use the words: ate, Atlantic Ocean, dolphins, Ireland, very long, windy


Write a postcard


Write 8-10 sentences about your last journey to an interesting place

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Write about:

  • where you were
  • what were the most interesting things there
  • what were the best/worst things there
  • the place where you stayed
  • the activities you did
  • the weather and the nature there
  • what you liked the most/the least about the trip

Wordlist

1. lake 8. field 15. cold
2. seaside 9. desert 16. wet
3. ocean 10. beautiful 17. dry
4. mountain 11. incredible 18. green
5. countryside 12. unusual 19. snowy
6. island 13. amazing 20. windy
7. beach 14. boring 21. sunny