Irregular verbs race
Complete the table
We use Present Perfect to talk about events that happened in the past but we don’t know when.
I‘ve lost my phone. (= I lost it. I don’t know when.)
He‘s visited Turkey and Russia. (= He visited both countries in the past. We don’t know when.)
We often use Present Perfect when a past event has some connection to now.
Someone has broken the chair. (= Here is the chair. We can see it is broken. We don’t know when it happened.)
Sorry! I haven’t found your purse yet. (= I am still looking for it now)
We don’t use a finished time expression, like yesterday or last year with Present Perfect, because it isn’t important or we don’t know when an event happened.
I‘ve read that book.
I‘ve read that book last year.
We can, however, use unfinished time expressions, for example, ever, never, today, once, twice.
Note that ever and never go before the past participle.
I‘ve never worked as a waiter.
‘Have you ever sailed a boat?’ ‘No, I haven’t.’
He‘s seen that film twice.
You‘ve eaten a lot of chocolate today.
This is the first time I’ve ever played chess.
We can use gone to and been to in Present Perfect sentences. They have different meanings.
She‘s gone to China. (= She went to China and she’s still there now.)
She‘s been to China. (= She went to China but she isn’t there now.)
Present Perfect with just, already, yet and still
We use the adverbs of time just, already, yet and still with Present Perfect to show how we feel about events in time. We can use just with Present Perfect in affirmative sentences. We use it to talk about a recent event. Just goes immediately after have/has.
They’ve just finished their exam. (=They finished their exam a short time ago.)
‘I’m looking for Tom’ ‘I’ve just seen him. He’s in the corridor.’
We can also use already with Present Perfect in affirmative sentences. We use it to say that an event happened sooner than we expected. Already goes immediately after have/has.
‘When is the test?’ ‘We’ve already done it.’
‘This is my brother.’ ‘I know. We’ve already met.’
We can use yet with Present Perfect in negative sentences and questions. We use it to talk about something that has not happened but we expect that it will. Yet normally goes at the end of a sentence.
We haven’t seen that film yet. (But we’ll probably see it soon.)
Has Robert finished that book yet? (We expect him to finish it.)
We can use still in negative sentences to express a stronger meaning than yet. It means that something is going on longer than we expect. It goes before hasn’t/haven’t.
Robert still hasn’t finished that book. (He’s taking a long time to finish it.)
Have you ever…
Put the words in the correct order. Answer about yourself
Complete the dialogue
Listen and write: Yes or No
Write the sentences about Lucy
Use the phrases: earn any money, do schoolwork, do a parachute jump, sail through a storm,
be to Australia, win a prize
A person you admire
Write about a person you admire
Find some information about a famous person who is still alive. Write about their achievements. Use the ideas below.
⇒ «I’m going to write about Angelina Jolie. She has played in different films. She has adopted children from poor countries. She has done charity work…»
- become very rich
- build a big house
- buy expensive cars
- help people in poor countries
- learn many languages
- make a film
- travel around the world
- win a prize
- write a book