GE|Pre-Int|| Revise1

Revise the grammar rules

Present Simple

present simple

We use Present Simple to talk about things that are always true.

Water boils at 100 degrees.
Nurses help sick people in hospital.

We use Present Simple to talk about things that are permanent or regular.

Robert lives in France.
I normally go to classes at the university.

We use words and phrases like often, normally, sometimes, every day with Present Simple.

Mary normally has breakfast at seven.
always drive to work.

We use Present Simple when we talk about opinions and thoughts, using verbs like hate, know, like, love, need, prefer, remember, think, understand, want.

I like this song.
We don’t know the answer.

We use Present Simple of think when we talk about opinions.

He thinks the film was boring.

Adverbs of frequency

We often use adverbs of frequency with Present Simple to say how often something happens.
Adverbs of frequency come before the main verb.

Positive: I always get up early.
Negative: We don’t usually go out on Fridays.
Question: What do you usually do on Saturdays?

They come after the verb be.
Positive: We are never late for school.
Negative: They aren’t usually busy on Sundays.
Question: Is your dad always tired after work?

Time expressions

Time expressions with more than one word come at the beginning or end of the sentence.

Once a month Jon visits his aunt.
I meet my friends at the sports centre three times a week.
We go to the cinema on Sundays.
I get up at 7.30 every day.


Present Continuous

We use Present Continuous to talk about things happening now:

We also use Present Continuous to talk about things happening around now. These are temporary situations:

We form Present Continuous like this:

Affirmative
I‘m walking
we/you/they‘re walking
he/she/it‘s walking
Heidi‘s wearing a red dress.
We‘re having lunch.
Negative
I‘m not walking
we/you/they aren’t walking
he/she/it isn’t walking
I‘m not thinking about it this week.
It isn’t raining at the moment.
Questions
Am I walking?
Are we/you/they walking?
Is he/she/it walking?
Is Sam coming?
Where are you going?

Present Continuous verbs change like this:

Most verbs Verbs ending in -e Verbs ending in vowel + consonant
-ing remove -e, + -ing double the final consonant, + -ing
sing → singing
look → looking
write → writing
smile → smiling
sit → sitting
put → putting

We use Present Continuous to talk about future plans and arrangements with other people.

I‘m having lunch at school tomorrow.
Jack‘s playing tennis with Ed on Friday.

We often use these time expressions with Present Continuous for now or around now: now, this week, today, at the moment

We use these time expressions with Present Continuous for future arrangements: tomorrow, next Friday, on Tuesday, this evening


Ways of speaking about the future

Be going to

We use be going to:

  • to make a prediction, when something in the present tells us that something is going to happen in the future.
    Hurry up! We’re late! We’re going to miss the bus!
  • to talk about our plans and intentions for the future.
    I’m going to buy a new computer next month.

Present Continuous

We can use Present Continuous to talk about the future. We use is to talk about things we have planned and arranged to do in the future.

We’re leaving for Spain tomorrow.

Will

We use will:

  • to say what we think, guess or know will happen in the future. We often use it with I think, I hope or I’m sure.
    I’m sure you’ll enjoy the party.
  • when we decide to do something, at the moment we decide to do it.
    Look. There’s Harry. I’ll go and say ‘Hello’.
  • when we promise to do something.
    I’ll be back at eight, Mum, I promise!
  • when we offer to help somebody.
    I’ll carry those bags for you.

Time expressions

We often use these time expressions when we talk about the future:
today, tonight, tomorrow, next Monday/week/year, this week/year, in May/the summer/2030, on Friday.

Today we’re going to revise the grammar that you’ve learnt in lessons , as well as test your listening, reading, writing and speaking skills.

The first task is a grammar test. Pay attention to Present Simple and Wh-questions; Present Continuous; like, love, hate + v-ing; countable and uncountable nouns.

Listen to the track and choose three ingredients for each dish

Look at four British dishes. Let’s listen and decide what ingredients you need to prepare them. There are three of them to choose in each dish.

1. Cawl:

Question 1 of 4

2. Colcannon:

Question 2 of 4

3. Lancashire hotpot:

Question 3 of 4

4. Stargazey pie:

Question 4 of 4


 

Let’s read an article about popular food in Britain. Pay attention to the facts and choose the best option.

British food

Some nations are famous for their cooking. For example, in most French and Italian homes, meals are an important part of family life. But in the UK, a lot of families do not eat together. Parents and children eat snacks in front of the TV, or prepare their own food in the microwave at different times.

However, some traditional dishes are still very popular in Britain, for example, fish and chips. There are more than 8,600 fish and chip shops in the UK, and they serve about 300 million meals every year. Restaurants and pubs often serve «Sunday lunch»: roast meat (beef, lamb, chicken, etc.) with roast potatoes and vegetables. Many British people sometimes eat a «full English breakfast» of bacon, eggs, sausages, tomatoes and toasts.

The British enjoy eating out, and on average, they spend £27 a week in restaurants. In a recent magazine article about the 50 best restaurants in the world, 14 were in the UK.

However, most restaurants do not serve traditional British food. For example, there are about 10,000 Indian and 8,000 Chinese restaurants in the UK. Different styles of cooking from around the world are now part of British culture. In fact, the nation’s favourite dish is not roast beef or fish and chips. It is chicken curry!

    1. Do most families in the UK usually eat meals together?
    2. How many fish and chip shops are there in the UK?
    3. Do most families in the UK usually eat meals together?
    4. How many fish and chip shops are there in the UK?
    5. What is in a «full English breakfast?»
    6. What is the most popular dish in the UK?

You’re going to write about your family’s typical week. Let’s look now what you should think about to do the task.

We do different things at different time.
Think about your family’s typical week and answer the questions:

  • What do you and your family members (mum, dad, aunt, cousins, brothers, sisters, uncle, etc.) usually do on a typical week?
  • Where do you and your family members go?
  • When do you have free time?
  • How do you spend your free time?
  • Why do you choose these activities?

Our typical week.

On Sunday I usually go shopping. My mom always cooks dinner at weekends. On Monday morning my aunt rides a bike.

1 chat to friends online
2 cook breakfast
3 do homework
4 listen to music
5 make model aeroplanes
6 play computer games
7 ride a bike
8 skateboard
9 surf the Internet
10 walk a dog


Write about your family’s typical week. Use the words and phrases from the list above

Советы по написанию задания:

  1. Прочитайте внимательно задание и вопросы.
  2. Составьте план того, о чем хотите написать.
  3. Напишите текст по составленному плану.
  4. Перечитайте написанный текст перед отправкой на проверку.
  5.  Здесь вы найдете правила написания и пример задания.
  6. Воспользуйтесь программой Grammarly, которая поможет избежать опечаток и исправит некоторые грамматические ошибки.