We use Past Simple for actions, events and situations that happened at a definite time in the past.
We often use past time expressions with Past Simple.
yesterday, yesterday morning, yesterday afternoon, last night, last week, in September, two days ago, in 1988
Past Simple of be has two forms: was and were.
|I/he/she/it was |
⇒ I was here.
You were right.
|I/he/she/it wasn’t |
⇒ It wasn’t difficult.
They weren’t late.
|Was I/he/she/it…? |
⇒ Were you OK? Yes, I was.
Was he in the garden? No, he wasn’t.
Past Simple: regular verbs
We form Past Simple of regular verbs by adding -ed to the verb.
⇒ play → played, ask → asked, start → started, wash → washed
I cleaned my room yesterday.
They waited for two hours.
Look at these other regular spelling rules:
|Add -d to verbs ending in -e.|
|like → liked, share → shared|
|Change -y to -ied in verbs ending in consonant + -y.|
|study → studied, cry → cried|
|Double the last letter and then add -ed to most verbs ending in one vowel and one consonant.|
|travel → travelled, chat → chatted|
We use did or didn’t and the base form for questions and negative forms.
⇒ I didn’t enjoy the film.
When did you start that book?
Who, where, what, when, why, how
We use question words (who, where, what, when, why and how) when we ask for information.
Questions with question words usually have the same word order as yes/no questions.
⇒ Do you like it? Yes, I like it. Why do you like it?
Is he leaving? Yes, he’s leaving. When is he leaving?
Did it happen? Yes, it happened. How did it happen?
Will you go? Yes, I’ll go. Where will you go?
Did you do it? Yes, I did it. What did you do?
We often use who as the subject of a question, without do, does or did.
⇒ Who likes pizza?
Who wrote this?
We can also use it inthe same pattern as a yes/no question.
⇒ Can you talk to someone? Yes, I can talk to someone. Who can you talk to?
Write the verbs in Past Simple form
⇒ give — gave
Write the base form of the verbs
⇒ come — came
become — became
How did you spend your last weekend?
Write about your last weekend. Use the questions below as a plan
- What time did you get up?
- What did you have for breakfast?
- Did you do homework?
- Did you do housework?
- Where did you go?
- How did you spend the afternoon?
- Who did you meet?
- What did you do in the evening?
|1. get a present||5. miss the bus||9. meet an interesting person|
|2. be tired of||6. learn some good news||10. have a bad hair day|
|3. be late for school||7. buy||11. invite to|
|4. leave at home||8. quarrel with|
Learn the irregular verbs