Group lessons|Adults|El|U1|15. The island with a secret

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Answer the questions

1. Are you stressed?
2. Are you tired?
3. Are you sleepy?
4. Do you want to relax?
5. How do you relax?
6. Do you want to have long vacation?

Listen and read the introduction to the article. Can you guess Takanashi’s age?

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Takanashi always walks three kilometres a day, and he sometimes rides a motorbike. He often works in his garden, and he usually does martial arts in the morning. He is never stressed, and he is hardly ever ill.
Not unusual you think? But Takanashi is _________ years old.


Place the highlighted words in the chart


Adverbs of frequency


Read the rule

Elementary

Learn how to answer «How often?» questions


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Examples

  • Children are always funny, but sometimes they cry.
  • They never worry about the future, and they don’t often clean their rooms.
  • They are hardly ever serious and can play for hours.

Forms

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Remember

  • Sometimes/Usually can go at the beginning or in the middle of the sentence:

Sometimes, the dentist is late for work.
Usually, we eat out on Sundays.


Usage

  • To say how often we do something

How often do you clean your room? — I often clean my room.
How often does she drink coffee? — She never drinks coffee.

  • Use these adverbs after am/is/are, BUT before the main verb

Children are hardly ever serious.
I am always polite.
They never worry about the future.
She seldom goes to the theatre.


Common mistakes

x He doesn’t never wear shorts.

x They often are late.

✔️ He never wears shorts.
✔️ They are often late.

Complete the sentences with an adverb of frequency

Example: They never drive — they don’t have a car.


Rearrange the words to make sentences

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Example: She always gets up at six.








Add an adverb of frequency to the sentences to make them true for you. Compare with your teacher. Are you similar or different?

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1. I walk to work/school.
2. I do sport or exercise.
3. I use public transport.
4. I am stressed.
5. I am late.

Read the rest of the article. Choose and write a heading for each paragraph.


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Takanashi always walks three kilometres a day, and he sometimes rides a motorbike. He often works in his garden, and he usually does martial arts in the morning. He is never stressed, and he is hardly ever ill.
Not unusual you think? But Takanashi is 103 years old.
Takanashi lives on the island of Okinawa in Japan. In Okinawa people live a very long time. They are hardly ever ill. Many people live to be 100 — more people than in other parts of the world. Why? What is their secret?


Headings: Always active / Low stress / Exercise / A healthy diet

Guess the meaning of the words in bold from the text. Check with your teacher or a dictionary. Match the phrase with the description


Takanashi always walks three kilometres a day, and he sometimes rides a motorbike. He often works in his garden, and he usually does martial arts in the morning. He is never stressed, and he is hardly ever ill.

Not unusual you think? But Takanashi is 103 years old.
Takanashi lives on the island of Okinawa in Japan. In Okinawa people live a very long time. They are hardly ever ill. Many people live to be 100 — more people than in other parts of the world. Why? What is their secret?

The Okinawans eat vegetables, fruit, fish, soya and rice. They usually have seven portions of fruit and vegetables a day. People don’t usually drink much alcohol or smoke. They don’t eat much meat or fast food.

Physical activity is very important for the people of Okinawa. Martial arts, walking, traditional dancing and gardening are very popular with people of all ages.

In many countries people have healthy diets and do exercise. But the unusual thing about the people in Okinawa is that they are not stressed. They are relaxed and take their time.

Buses are hardly ever on time and people often arrive an hour late for meetings. Every evening hundreds of people, young and old, go to the beach to watch the beautiful sunset. People often meditate to relax.

Another important thing is that people often work until they are 80 — sometimes until 90! In the Okinawan dialect there is no word for «retired». They are busy and active all their lives.

Old people don’t stay at home — they go out and meet friends.
When journalists ask people «What is the secret of your long life?», they answer «We are happy, we are always positive, and we are never in a hurry



Match the words and pictures


vegetables
meat

Unselect

martial arts

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beach

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vegetables

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gardening

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to be in a hurry

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island

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traditional dancing

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sunset

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to meditate

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island
meat

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martial arts

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beach

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vegetables

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gardening

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to be in a hurry

Unselect

island

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traditional dancing

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sunset

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to meditate

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hurry
meat

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martial arts

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beach

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vegetables

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gardening

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to be in a hurry

Unselect

island

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traditional dancing

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sunset

Unselect

to meditate

Unselect

gardening
meat

Unselect

martial arts

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beach

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vegetables

Unselect

gardening

Unselect

to be in a hurry

Unselect

island

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traditional dancing

Unselect

sunset

Unselect

to meditate

Unselect

beach
meat

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martial arts

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beach

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vegetables

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gardening

Unselect

to be in a hurry

Unselect

island

Unselect

traditional dancing

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sunset

Unselect

to meditate

Unselect

sunset
meat

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martial arts

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beach

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vegetables

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gardening

Unselect

to be in a hurry

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island

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traditional dancing

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sunset

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to meditate

Unselect

meaT
meat

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martial arts

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beach

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vegetables

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gardening

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to be in a hurry

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island

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traditional dancing

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sunset

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to meditate

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meditate
meat

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martial arts

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beach

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vegetables

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gardening

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to be in a hurry

Unselect

island

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traditional dancing

Unselect

sunset

Unselect

to meditate

Unselect

martial arts
meat

Unselect

martial arts

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beach

Unselect

vegetables

Unselect

gardening

Unselect

to be in a hurry

Unselect

island

Unselect

traditional dancing

Unselect

sunset

Unselect

to meditate

Unselect

traditional dancing
meat

Unselect

martial arts

Unselect

beach

Unselect

vegetables

Unselect

gardening

Unselect

to be in a hurry

Unselect

island

Unselect

traditional dancing

Unselect

sunset

Unselect

to meditate

Unselect


 

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Close your eyes and follow the instructions of your teacher

You are going to exercise your eyes and relax them and your brain after hard work.


Read the instruction and follow it

  • Count from 1 to 20
  • Then count backwards, from 20 to 1
  • Count from 20 to 1, but this time, skip two numbers
    e.g. (if I was counting from 30) 30, 27, 24, 21…
  • Count backwards from 100 to 80

Read the instruction and follow it

  • Open your personal dictionary or lesson vocabulary.
  • Look at the first word. Do you know any synonyms to it?
  • Look at the second word. Do you know any antonyms to it?
  • Look at the third word. Make up a question with it.
  • Look at the fourth word. Describe this word to your teacher.
  • Look at the fifth word. Make up a sentence with it.
  • Look at the next 5 words. Make up a short story with them.

How about your country?

Listen to the article again. Retell the article



Answer the questions

1. What is unusual about the people in Okinawa?
2. Do people in your country live like the Okinawans?
3. What’s different? What’s the same?

Complete the quiz with a «time» word, e.g. a minute.

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Complete the expressions

Answer the questions in the questionnaire

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Do you live the Okinawa way?


Calculate your points. How healthy is your lifestyle?

What your score means:

  • 0-7 Your philosophy is ‘a short life and a happy one’. Have a good time!
  • 8-14 Your lifestyle is OK but you don’t live the Okinawa way. You need to change some things if you want to have a very long life.
  • 15-20 Congratulations! You live the Okinawa way. You have a very good chance of living until you are 100 years old (or more!).

Listen and repeat

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how hardly heavy high have half hungry happy

Say the sentences. Pay attention to the words where H is not pronounced. Listen and check.

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1. Harry’s unhealthy.
2. He hardly ever has breakfast.
3. He usually eats hamburgers.
4. He’s always in a hurry.
5. He’s often half an hour late for work.

Click on the pictures and write sentences with the adverbs of frequency




Now test your memory. Look at the pictures and say the sentences as quickly as you can.


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