Group lessons|Adults|Int|U1|5. Changing life

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Answer the questions

1. What can people do if they don’t like their way of life and want to change it? How can they do it?

2. Do you know people that:

a) work or study abroad?
b) change work regularly?
c) often take up new hobbies?

3. If you could spend a year working or studying in another country, which country would you choose? Why?

4. What would you like to do there?

5. What problems do you think you might have?

Read about Karen and describe what you can see in the photos

My name’s Karen and I am a primary school teacher. A few months ago, I decided to change my life. I took a year off and went to live in Beirut with my husband, Mike, who’s an English teacher.

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Listen to Karen talking about her new life. Does she like her life in Beirut? Why?


Read the sentences and pay attention to the words in bold. Agree or disagree with the following statements:

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1. I have always loved Arab culture and the Arabic language.
2. All Lebanese women know how to belly dance.
3. The hospitality of Arab people is amazing. They like welcoming guests.


Listen to Karen and answer the questions



1. Why did she choose Beirut?
2. Why did she want to take a year off?
3. Who is Omayma?
4. Why does Karen say Arabic is a difficult language?
5. How long has Karen been teaching belly dancing?
6. How do her students feel about an English woman teaching them belly dancing?
7. What does she like most about living in Lebanon?

Listen and complete these questions and answers from the interview with Karen

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Look at sentences 1-5 and answer the questions

1. Are the verbs action or non-action verbs?
2. Do they refer to single actions or continuous / repeated actions?
3. Do they refer to a completed action or one which is still happening?


Related videos


He hated the sound of children



Speaker: He hated children. He hated the sound of children. And so he would have these 3-hour periods where you could not talk in class. And I could go about 90 minutes, right? And then something would slip out.

And I’d have to write these 10,000-word essays why I’ll never talk again in class. I did 6 of them over the course of my 5th-grade year. Then I got to my high school reunion 10 years later. I’ve become a fairly successful human being. And several of my teachers are there, including Mr. Giles. And I went up to him and said, «You know, this talking thing worked out pretty good for me.»

But my larger point is this: if you sit and learn in a passive state, as you have today, it feels really comfortable, it feels really beautiful. And you take it in, you feel all the emotion. But the problem is, there’s no sense of action tied to it. So, if I’m sitting— if you’re sitting here right now, and, let’s say, we’re talking, like, «This makes sense, yeah, I really want to apply this,» or «I think this would make a difference in my relationship,» or «Damn, he has big teeth!».

Whatever you’re thinking, right? I know you’re watching me. But if you’re sitting here and you’re in a great state and you’re learning like this, you might go, «That’s really important, I’m going to do that. I really am.».

And later on your brain will go, «You need to do that, you really do.» And there’s not enough to push you over the edge. How many follow what I’m talking about here, say «Aye!»

Oprah: Aye!

Speaker: So, I’m going to ask you a couple of things. One—you’re already doing it — if I ask you a question, please, yell out the answer. It’s not so that we have a revival session, because I don’t really believe in positive thinking. I never have, Oprah knows that. I believe in the truth. I believe in intelligence. I don’t think you should go to your garden and say, «There’s no weeds, there’s no weeds, there’s no weeds,» and chant a bunch of affirmations.

I believe you’ve got to find the weed and pull it out. That’s being pragmatic, that’s practical, that’s real. And you’re going to feel better, when you’re taking the right actions. Or you can feel better by thinking nice thoughts, but then you’ll go back and your life still won’t respect the results.

So my flavor is about results. My flavor’s not about just discussion. And so, it might feel a little bit jolting to you, because I’ve watched some of the talks and they’re so laid back and so enjoyable. But if you’re willing to try on the flavor, you might find there’s a skill set there that you might find useful in your life.

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Study the grammar rules and examples

Intermediate

We have been studying grammar for a long time now. Do you want to take a break?


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Examples

Max has been writing that email for over an hour.

Tina is exhausted, she has been working all day.

I‘ve been learning English for 5 years now.


Timeline

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Forms

Present Perfect Continuous

+ Subject + have/has + been + V-ing

We have been walking for hours! Can we have a break?

Chris has been running all day.


— Subject + haven’t/hasn’t + been + V-ing

I haven’t been feeling well lately.


? (Question word) + Have/Has + subject + been + V-ing

Have you been watching TV all day?


Usage

We use Present Perfect Continuous for:

unfinished actions that started in the past and continue up till now

She has been writing reports all day. (She is still writing them.)

continuous actions with results in the present

Your eyes are red, have you been crying?

I have been running for hours, that’s why my shirt is so wet.


!Unlike Present Perfect Simple (which focuses on the result of the action), Present Perfect Continuous focuses on the time spent on the action and the process of the action itself.


I have read a book about Indian culture. (I finished reading it.)

I‘ve been reading a book about Indian culture. (I haven’t finished it yet.)


Common mistakes

x They have been worked hard all day.

They have been working hard all day.

Complete the questions and answers with the present perfect continuous or present perfect simple and for or since

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Example:

— How long have they been playing together? (they / play together)
— They ‘ve been playing together since 1985.


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Listen and say which words are stressed



1. I’ve been living here for two years.
2. How long have you been learning English?
3. She’s been working in Italy since October.
4. How long have you been waiting?
5. It’s been raining all night.
6. We’ve been looking for a flat for ages.

Ask and answer questions with your teacher to find out more about the following points

Remember

After How long…?

With action verbs, e.g. play, use present perfect continuous.

With non-action verbs, e.g. know, use present perfect simple.


— Do you play volleyball?
— How long have you been playing volleyball?
— Since I was about 15.
— How often do you play?


A sport you play regularly (or exercise you do regularly)

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Something you are learning

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A friend you know well


A magazine or newspaper you read regularly


A bar or restaurant you often go to


An object / gadget which is very important to you


A club, organization you are a member of


The car/motorbike/bike you have


The place you live in

Go to the cards below and do the tasks


Check yourself before starting the new topic

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Write the verbs in the correct forms. Use full forms

Example: She has been reading a book for two hours.



Match the words and expressions with the pictures

tiny
starving

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enormous

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tiny

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hospitality

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an ape

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exhausted

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belly dance

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mad

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to ill-treat

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blazing

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starving
starving

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enormous

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tiny

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hospitality

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an ape

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exhausted

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belly dance

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mad

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to ill-treat

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blazing

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enormous
starving

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enormous

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tiny

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hospitality

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an ape

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exhausted

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belly dance

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mad

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to ill-treat

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blazing

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ill treat
starving

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enormous

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tiny

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hospitality

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an ape

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exhausted

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belly dance

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mad

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to ill-treat

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blazing

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exhausted
starving

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enormous

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tiny

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hospitality

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an ape

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exhausted

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belly dance

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mad

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to ill-treat

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blazing

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mad
starving

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enormous

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tiny

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hospitality

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an ape

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exhausted

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belly dance

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mad

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to ill-treat

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blazing

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belly dance
starving

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enormous

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tiny

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hospitality

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an ape

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exhausted

Unselect

belly dance

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mad

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to ill-treat

Unselect

blazing

Unselect

hospitality
starving

Unselect

enormous

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tiny

Unselect

hospitality

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an ape

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exhausted

Unselect

belly dance

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mad

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to ill-treat

Unselect

blazing

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blazing
starving

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enormous

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tiny

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hospitality

Unselect

an ape

Unselect

exhausted

Unselect

belly dance

Unselect

mad

Unselect

to ill-treat

Unselect

blazing

Unselect

an ape
starving

Unselect

enormous

Unselect

tiny

Unselect

hospitality

Unselect

an ape

Unselect

exhausted

Unselect

belly dance

Unselect

mad

Unselect

to ill-treat

Unselect

blazing

Unselect


 

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